Markdown Syntax Guide

 11.03.2019 -  Sebastian Pech -  ~3 Minutes

This article offers a sample of basic Markdown syntax that can be used in Hugo content files, also it shows whether basic HTML elements are decorated with CSS in a Hugo theme.

Headings

The following HTML <h1><h6> elements represent six levels of section headings. <h1> is the highest section level while <h6> is the lowest.

H1

H2

H3

H4

H5
H6

Paragraph

Xerum, quo qui aut unt expliquam qui dolut labo. Aque venitatiusda cum, voluptionse latur sitiae dolessi aut parist aut dollo enim qui voluptate ma dolestendit peritin re plis aut quas inctum laceat est volestemque commosa as cus endigna tectur, offic to cor sequas etum rerum idem sintibus eiur? Quianimin porecus evelectur, cum que nis nust voloribus ratem aut omnimi, sitatur? Quiatem. Nam, omnis sum am facea corem alique molestrunt et eos evelece arcillit ut aut eos eos nus, sin conecerem erum fuga. Ri oditatquam, ad quibus unda veliamenimin cusam et facea ipsamus es exerum sitate dolores editium rerore eost, temped molorro ratiae volorro te reribus dolorer sperchicium faceata tiustia prat.

Itatur? Quiatae cullecum rem ent aut odis in re eossequodi nonsequ idebis ne sapicia is sinveli squiatum, core et que aut hariosam ex eat.

Blockquotes

The blockquote element represents content that is quoted from another source, optionally with a citation which must be within a footer or cite element, and optionally with in-line changes such as annotations and abbreviations.

Blockquote without attribution

Tiam, ad mint andaepu dandae nostion secatur sequo quae. Note that you can use Markdown syntax within a blockquote.

Blockquote with attribution

Don't communicate by sharing memory, share memory by communicating.Rob Pike1

Tables

Tables aren't part of the core Markdown spec, but Hugo supports supports them out-of-the-box.

Name Age
Bob 27
Alice 23

Inline Markdown within tables

Inline    Markdown    In    Table
italics bold strikethrough    code

Code Blocks

Code block with backticks

html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <title>Example HTML5 Document</title>
</head>
<body>
  <p>Test</p>
</body>
</html>

Code block indented with four spaces

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <title>Example HTML5 Document</title>
</head>
<body>
  <p>Test</p>
</body>
</html>

Code block with Hugo's internal highlight shortcode

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <title>Example HTML5 Document</title>
</head>
<body>
  <p>Test</p>
</body>
</html>

List Types

Ordered List

  1. First item
  2. Second item
  3. Third item

Unordered List

  • List item
  • Another item
  • And another item

Nested list

  • Item
  1. First Sub-item
  2. Second Sub-item

Other Elements — abbr, sub, sup, kbd, mark

GIF is a bitmap image format.

H2O

Xn + Yn = Zn

Press CTRL+ALT+Delete to end the session.

Most salamanders are nocturnal, and hunt for insects, worms, and other small creatures.


  1. The above quote is excerpted from Rob Pike's talk during Gopherfest, November 18, 2015.

Rich Content

 10.03.2019 -  Sebastian Pech -  ~1 Minute

Hugo ships with several Built-in Shortcodes for rich content, along with a Privacy Config and a set of Simple Shortcodes that enable static and no-JS versions of various social media embeds.


Instagram Simple Shortcode


YouTube Privacy Enhanced Shortcode


Twitter Simple Shortcode


Vimeo Simple Shortcode

Placeholder Text

 09.03.2019 -  Sebastian Pech -  ~2 Minutes

Lorem est tota propiore conpellat pectoribus de pectora summo.

Redit teque digerit hominumque toris verebor lumina non cervice subde tollit usus habet Arctonque, furores quas nec ferunt. Quoque montibus nunc caluere tempus inhospita parcite confusaque translucet patri vestro qui optatis lumine cognoscere flos nubis! Fronde ipsamque patulos Dryopen deorum.

  1. Exierant elisi ambit vivere dedere
  2. Duce pollice
  3. Eris modo
  4. Spargitque ferrea quos palude

Rursus nulli murmur; hastile inridet ut ab gravi sententia! Nomine potitus silentia flumen, sustinet placuit petis in dilapsa erat sunt. Atria tractus malis.

  1. Comas hunc haec pietate fetum procerum dixit
  2. Post torum vates letum Tiresia
  3. Flumen querellas
  4. Arcanaque montibus omnes
  5. Quidem et

Vagus elidunt

The Van de Graaf Canon

Mane refeci capiebant unda mulcebat

Victa caducifer, malo vulnere contra dicere aurato, ludit regale, voca! Retorsit colit est profanae esse virescere furit nec; iaculi matertera et visa est, viribus. Divesque creatis, tecta novat collumque vulnus est, parvas. Faces illo pepulere tempus adest. Tendit flamma, ab opes virum sustinet, sidus sequendo urbis.

Iubar proles corpore raptos vero auctor imperium; sed et huic: manus caeli Lelegas tu lux. Verbis obstitit intus oblectamina fixis linguisque ausus sperare Echionides cornuaque tenent clausit possit. Omnia putatur. Praeteritae refert ausus; ferebant e primus lora nutat, vici quae mea ipse. Et iter nil spectatae vulnus haerentia iuste et exercebat, sui et.

Eurytus Hector, materna ipsumque ut Politen, nec, nate, ignari, vernum cohaesit sequitur. Vel mitis temploque vocatus, inque alis, oculos nomen non silvis corpore coniunx ne displicet illa. Crescunt non unus, vidit visa quantum inmiti flumina mortis facto sic: undique a alios vincula sunt iactata abdita! Suspenderat ego fuit tendit: luna, ante urbem Propoetides parte.

Math Typesetting

 08.03.2019 -  Sebastian Pech -  ~1 Minute

Mathematical notation in a Hugo project can be enabled by using third party JavaScript libraries.

In this example we will be using KaTeX

  • Create a partial under /layouts/partials/math.html
  • Within this partial reference the Auto-render Extension or host these scripts locally.
  • Include the partial in your templates like so:
{{ if or .Params.math .Site.Params.math }}
{{ partial "math.html" . }}
{{ end }}
  • To enable KaTex globally set the parameter math to true in a project's configuration
  • To enable KaTex on a per page basis include the parameter math: true in content files.

Note: Use the online reference of Supported TeX Functions

Examples

Inline math: \( \varphi = \dfrac{1+\sqrt5}{2}= 1.6180339887… \)

Block math:

\[ \varphi = 1+\frac{1} {1+\frac{1} {1+\frac{1} {1+\cdots} } } \]

Emoji Support

 05.03.2019 -  Sebastian Pech -  ~1 Minute

Emoji can be enabled in a Hugo project in a number of ways.

The emojify function can be called directly in templates or Inline Shortcodes.

To enable emoji globally, set enableEmoji to true in your site’s configuration and then you can type emoji shorthand codes directly in content files; e.g.

The Emoji cheat sheet is a useful reference for emoji shorthand codes.


N.B. The above steps enable Unicode Standard emoji characters and sequences in Hugo, however the rendering of these glyphs depends on the browser and the platform. To style the emoji you can either use a third party emoji font or a font stack; e.g.

.emoji {
font-family: Apple Color Emoji,Segoe UI Emoji,NotoColorEmoji,Segoe UI Symbol,Android Emoji,EmojiSymbols;
}